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RHYTHM


FIGURES


Rhythm is maybe the first thing to learn about music, because the basic musical instinct is mainly rhythmic, before than melodic. These are the names in English for the most common figures that take part in conventional music:Figures_Table.gif













! Notice that English has two names for each figure, while Spanish has only one.
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PITCH


THE NOTES


NOTES’ NAMES IN ENGLISH

English speakers don’t give the notes the same names as we do in Spanish. They use letters from the alphabet, instead of names as SOL, LA…
Note-names_mod.gif



THE STAVE



We use staves to write the notes in a piece of paper, for everyone to know or remember a melody he/she could have forgotten or even never listened.

A stave is a set of five lines and four spaces between them, in which spots – that represent the musical notes – are placed. We’ll place the high sounds in the top lines and spaces of the stave, and the low sounds in the bottom lines and spaces.


Stave_mod1.gif

CLEFS

Notes are written or read according to the clef in the beginning of the stave. By using different clefs, we can change the names that notes will be given, and even the range (the octave) these names refer to.

There are seven different clefs, but now it’s better we focus on two of them, actually the most common ones: the treble clef and the bass clef.piano-keys_FullKeyborad_mod.gif
Treble clef is used to write notes for high instruments or voices, as the G note that the clef’s drawing indicates represents the G4, over the middle C (C4). Pay attention to the drawing shown below, and notice that it starts in the second line, to we write/read the G note there.


Treble_clef.gif



Notas_ClaveSol.gif





Bass clef hosts notes for low instruments and voices, because it’s the F3, under the middle C (C4), the note which this clef indicates. As it happened with the treble clef, the drawing indicates us to place the F3 in the fourth line, as we can see below.


Bass_clef.gif




Notas_ClaveFa.gif



This is a good video to sum up:


EXERCISES

From www.teoria.com



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